Heating your home in the winter months participates in total energy consumption with incredible 50-70%. Approximately 20% of this is spent on the heating water in boilers and washing machines. That’s why the first and greatest austerity measure in every home is the planned use of these devices during the cold months. Most homes and apartments in our country are built with insufficiently good thermal insulation. The biggest culprits for this are inconsistent respect and control of building standards, as well as the obsolescence of these standards and thermal insulation (for old buildings). We must keep in mind that insulating materials such as glass wool, synthetic material plates, and especially natural insulating materials (such as cables) lose their insulating properties due to weather and moisture, in time, so if your home has ever met the standards of heat conductivity, now surely works “with a loss.
The role of isolation
In addition to the basic roles of insulating materials – to prevent the transfer of heat to the outside environment, they also perform other, no less important functions, such as noise isolation (yes, New Builders, such a thing really exists!) And the physical barrier by spreading unpleasant atmospheric influences is moisture , wind, or heat on summer days. There is no home in which isolation cannot be improved. Most often you can do the job yourself (except in case the house is not dismantled, as in many Belgrade settlements), and you will save a lot of money for other needs. The amount of energy you will save depends on a lot of factors: from the current state, from the strength of the upcoming winter, the shape and construction of your house or building, the habits of your household, the efficiency of the heating system, etc. If you embark on an insulation enhancement project, remember to keep your electricity bills from last winter and to see how much you’ve saved in the spring.
Where is heat usually released?
The attics are a huge “swallow” of heat from the rest of the house. If you do not use them as a living space, be sure to isolate those rooms from the rest of the house thoroughly (for example, the openings to the attic marked with 1A can be upholstered with a sponge on the upper side, and the door can be coated with self-adhesive rubber or sponge strap). If possible, cover under the board (or only the parts that are above the heating rooms) with plates of polymeric materials or glass wool. If by chance there are openings through the intercostal joint, flush them with pure-foam, silicone, and similar mixtures. *
Repair the carpentry, if necessary (especially if it is old and woody), cover the insulating strips, and smoke all possible holes in the surrounding wall with pure-foam and dish-spreads. If possible, get as tight as possible the scallops for all windows and doors, and keep them closed as often as possible, especially when cooling the winter wind.