More than a romantic cliche, loft conversions are now very fashionable, especially the hip to gable type. But such an arrangement requires a lot of planning and preparation.
Today, the space under roofing of the houses is very often occupied by parts of life. The lack of land to build on people to renovate their attics into a loft. And the price of housing encourages families to use every cubic centimeter to the highest degree.
They would also be wrong to not do a loft conversion when we know that the volume under-roof can represent up to 30% of the total interior space of the house! However, the layout of this space often proves to be restrictive, as the roof sections limit the heights and generate residual spaces that are difficult to exploit. Such a project, therefore, requires a professional to do it. Plus there are regulations to follow.
The plan and the cut
The first step, when creating a space under the roof, is to draw precisely the plan and the cut of what one would like to achieve. You need to plan by a view from above, on which you can determine the place of the partitions, stairs, doors, various functions, furniture, etc. The cut, on the other hand, is a “cut-out” diagram of the house. As if we had sliced the building in the direction of the height and that we looked at it from above. This drawing essentially makes it possible to visualize the heights below the ceiling.
The loft dimensions
The cut and the plan will allow, as a first step, to determine the really habitable space for the loft, that is to say, the area where it is possible to stand comfortably standing, that is, at a minimum, 2 m under slope. In the respect of the rules of art, all the places of circulation will be at least 2 m high, even 2 m 10.
For the attic access staircase (also see below), the headlamp, that is the height between each step and the roof, must be 2 m 10 minimum. For the roof surface to be ideally exploited, it will be necessary that the level of the bottom of the roof is located at least 80 cm above the floor level of this floor. If this is not the case, the loft will only be used for storage.
Room, office, bathroom, kitchen, living room, TV corner, painting workshop, games room … Today, any function can be placed under roof, as long as the place has the necessary technical equipment and that these rooms are well organized with respect to the slope of the roof and the available space. A dormer conversion like this is one of the more popular options.
The Loft Dividers
Two options are available to the occupants in terms of attic layout. The first: create a landscaped space, loft type, where the functions are separated only by furniture, differences in texture on the ground, lighting effects. This installation has the advantage of giving a sense of space and offers a complete vision of the frame, which can be very interesting in a renovation. The other option is to have a more closed off type. Whatever one you choose is up to you.
Roller shutters, or as they are called “blinds” or “cloth blinds” in vogue recently, but they are quickly captured market. Today, many order immediately the additional installation of curtains along with the installation of new windows. And this popularity is quite justified. That roller has significant advantages over conventional blinds.
The advantages of roller shutters
Great selection of colors and tones, textures, textures, fabrics, which are suitable for any interior. Due to the fact that the blinds are integral soul, it may well be a complex pattern, and it will not look ugly. Fabrics can have a different density to be almost transparent, and dense enough to completely darken the room. On the basis of the fabric can be monotonous, color, with images of children’s drawings, printing of complex drawings, paintings or brand photographs.
A variety of fabric structures – cotton, linen, silk, polyester and even PVC fabric. Curtains/blinds are impregnated with a special compound so that the fabric will not burn, minimally dirty, that do not accumulate dust and the blade edges do not dissolve.
In the market, you can even find roller shutters with anti-glare, or insulating properties.
Roller shutters perfectly match with tulle, unlike conventional blinds. To spice up the interior, but you have to choose the right combinations.
There are special blinds to darken the room completely, which are composed of two layers – the interior is a fabric and the exterior – reflective screen. These blinds are perfect for rooms where there is a home theater and bedrooms.
Roller shutters are compact, occupy very little space, rolled up, so that the sill remains free. In addition, they can be omitted not until the end, closing only a part of the window, and let sunlight penetrate.
shutters, which are mounted on each one guillotine windows separately, allow closing a single flap, depending on the needs. With conventional blinds, they make it impossible.
Very easy to clean – just wipe with a damp cloth and rinse random spot with soapy water. They are also easy to fix. See how to fix roller blinds here.
Disadvantages of roller shutters
Insufficiently strong and durable components of roller shutters. Practically all the pieces are made of plastic and mistreated that are easy to break.
The fabric can absorb odors, especially if the curtain is installed in the kitchen, and it can not be gotten rid of, unlike conventional curtains.
If the roller shutter is mounted on the window frame, instead of the user’s profile, or inside the window opening, then opening a window with the blinds closed will not work. This is a very important drawback since conventional curtains can be completely combined with air vents and open windows. If the barrier is installed in the profile of the sheet, this problem does not exist.
To maximize the level disadvantages, it is better to choose reliable manufacturers blinds of high-quality materials.
- The first step to take to ensure safety on the construction is to take a thorough walk throughout the site to identify all the possible hazards. All such hazards and things considered unsafe should be written down in detail. Managers should be made aware of the possible dangers so that they can alert the workers on site to familiarize themselves with these possible dangers.
Getting the right builder and skilled tradesmen can sometimes be a very daunting task. You have to choose a reliable and professional contractor or builder that would ensure the success of your building project. With these tips, you would learn how to find the best builder and get the relationship off to a great start. read more…
Capacitybuilders is a non-departmental public body (NDPB)
set up in 2006 to take over the management of the ChangeUp programme and to work with other funders to build the capacity of the Third Sector. We exist to create a more effective third sector and we do this by improving support for third sector organizations.
Heating your home in the winter months participates in total energy consumption with incredible 50-70%. Approximately 20% of this is spent on the heating water in boilers and washing machines. That’s why the first and greatest austerity measure in every home is the planned use of these devices during the cold months. Most homes and apartments in our country are built with insufficiently good thermal insulation. The biggest culprits for this are inconsistent respect and control of building standards, as well as the obsolescence of these standards and thermal insulation (for old buildings). We must keep in mind that insulating materials such as glass wool, synthetic material plates, and especially natural insulating materials (such as cables) lose their insulating properties due to weather and moisture, in time, so if your home has ever met the standards of heat conductivity, now surely works “with a loss.
The role of isolation
In addition to the basic roles of insulating materials – to prevent the transfer of heat to the outside environment, they also perform other, no less important functions, such as noise isolation (yes, New Builders, such a thing really exists!) And the physical barrier by spreading unpleasant atmospheric influences is moisture , wind, or heat on summer days. There is no home in which isolation cannot be improved. Most often you can do the job yourself (except in case the house is not dismantled, as in many Belgrade settlements), and you will save a lot of money for other needs. The amount of energy you will save depends on a lot of factors: from the current state, from the strength of the upcoming winter, the shape and construction of your house or building, the habits of your household, the efficiency of the heating system, etc. If you embark on an insulation enhancement project, remember to keep your electricity bills from last winter and to see how much you’ve saved in the spring.
Where is heat usually released?
The attics are a huge “swallow” of heat from the rest of the house. If you do not use them as a living space, be sure to isolate those rooms from the rest of the house thoroughly (for example, the openings to the attic marked with 1A can be upholstered with a sponge on the upper side, and the door can be coated with self-adhesive rubber or sponge strap). If possible, cover under the board (or only the parts that are above the heating rooms) with plates of polymeric materials or glass wool. If by chance there are openings through the intercostal joint, flush them with pure-foam, silicone, and similar mixtures. *
Repair the carpentry, if necessary (especially if it is old and woody), cover the insulating strips, and smoke all possible holes in the surrounding wall with pure-foam and dish-spreads. If possible, get as tight as possible the scallops for all windows and doors, and keep them closed as often as possible, especially when cooling the winter wind.
Only at the beginning of our company’s work, a young married couple angered us for renovating and fixing the house. It was agreed that the windows should be replaced with insulation and replaced with parquet. They were determined to get home before they came to him.
After this conversation, we agreed on the work to be done, the time it takes to get everything close to the payment itself, the next day the husband came and wanted to talk to us but be secret. I sat with him, ordered a coffee and asked what was done and what was so secretive. His desire was to adjust one room as a playroom. Since he wanted to surprise his wife. I did not ask much, feeling that he wanted the mark.
The works were running not very well. We had difficulty isolating ourselves since the house was very large and we did not calculate the material we needed. In addition to all this, the delivery of materials was delayed for several days and we did not know what to do, thinking that we would break the deadline we told our clients. So, we were said to be new to this business and we wanted to do our best to satisfy our customers. These little things have brought tensions to our workers and with the head of the work that started slowly to panic that it will not be all over. I managed to calm him down and said that nothing would be feared and everything would be fine.
Special room with special instructions
When I told him about the room we had agreed with our husband to be a playroom, he was slightly surprised that he said that he had no problem and that he knew what to do with him. This room was special. It is made with additional insulation for sound with special ventilation and windows that are not transparent from the outside. We’ve added a couple more connectors to make it a lot for all possible games like pinball and so on.
Near the end of the works. A young married couple came to see how the works are going. The woman was thrilled because everything seemed to be what she had imagined without any difference. While the woman was admiring, my husband took me aside and asked what was with him. I am utterly confident that he does not have to worry and he will be delighted with his part of the house and that he will be satisfied as his wife. I understood him, he wanted only one room where he would be able to relax, watch football with the company playing games, and not disturb his wife. When it was all over, they came to see.
We were praised by many with their delighted works. I took my husband to his playroom and explained to him what was done. The man was puffed. He looked at me confused and said that he did not want it but a room where their child would be able to play because his wife was pregnant. I immediately apologized to him and within two days everything was turned into a children’s room. There was no anger, the woman laughed when she heard what had happened.
There are people who have never had a chance for a normal life and a roof over the head while some of the circumstances some lost their home because of one or the other reasons. There are organizations dealing with the problems of people who do not have their own home and are there to help them.
The services provided to homeless people are specialized programs that help find the hosts to those who need it. Homelessness can be financed by governments, NGOs that often play a vital role in providing services. Services provided to homosexuals can help them to achieve positive changes in their lives and reduce the use of social services.
Some countries lack the researched results of specialized homeless services. While some have adopted statistical data collection programs to conduct research on outcomes and service delivery. The top officials of this organization usually have meetings at least once a year, an annual or two-year conferences. In other countries, the parliament can present various plans and programs for the next year.
What does the research show?
Research has shown that local government plays a positive role in expanding the scope of services and helps or helps in providing financial resources for people who do not have a place of residence.
One study in England showed that competition for contracts has both positive and negative effects on services provided to homeless people. The game also raises tensions between co-operation services. The Australian study found that social workers working in careers create their professional identities by attracting discussions in social work and treasure literature in practice, their status is observable in organizational contexts, influencing work practices in care services.
Homeless people will often rely on specialized lymph nodes because they do not want to deal with significant services or do not want to be referred to another service.
It has been proven that access to service management in the provision of non-refundable services is an important component of service integration. And clients from more integrated services have yielded positive feedback than those from less integrated services. Clients from more integrated services have also reported that different service providers work together to coordinate their care. The study found that 40% of Australian specialized accident services provide mental health services, and 35% also provide support to people who have problems with medication and alcohol.
The Supported Accommodation Program (SAAP) aims to reduce homelessness. SAAP started in 1985. The aim of this arrangement was to provide financial assistance to countries that have decided to manage the SAAP program. This program aims to provide transitional sheltered accommodation and related support services to help people who have been without homes or who are left without them to achieve the maximum level of self-confidence and independence. Each country and territory is run by the SAAP program, providing accommodation for 100,000 homeless people.
Many people have chosen to use solar energy for their homes instead of using energy from distributors. Using solar energy is no longer an unusual thing in your home. In fact, the first gadgets – that functioned on solar energy – were mostly, they are still small desktop calculators. If they run out of battery, the solar energy system would allow it to be used without any problems. Solar energy is also used in holiday homes. When we are on vacation, there is no need to spend too much energy; small solar panels are enough. They will allow their users to use their Laptop computers, MP3 players, to burn something and heat the water. Quite practical, is not it? If you decide to buy and install solar systems in your home, do not abandon the regular power supplier. Since time can not be sunny every day, it can be a day when solar systems will not work at full capacity. And it would be a shame to stay in the dark.
Many people want to make their home ecologically easy. There are many things you can do, including small changes, for example, recycling of household waste and replacement of an existing bulb with energy-efficient bulbs. If you want to save a lot, solar panels can provide all these benefits.
Solar panels are a valuable addition to your home
In today’s financial climate, now it’s harder than ever to sell your home. Solar panels will not only reduce monthly bills but also increase the value of your home. Whether you are putting your house up for sale, or simply wanting to live in ecological life, solar panels are a valuable addition to your home. If you want to give your home a unique sales point, then do your best to find out more about solar energy for your home. Today, buyers looking for eco-friendly homes and houses offering monthly savings are instantly appealing to customers. Installing solar panels can offer you not only great savings but also help you get the price you want when selling your home.
How to choose solar panels for your home
Today there are many solar panels on the market. It’s important that you choose the right one for your house. The first thing to evaluate before buying solar panels is the amount of energy needed to power the equipment you use in your home. Once you have determined the correct power consumption, the appropriate solar panel can be selected. The size of a solar panel usually depends on the average consumption of fuel and power and the amount of sunlight in the house. Usually, there are two types of solar panels available for sale – these are panels made of crystalline silicon and panels of amorphous silicon alloys. They are made of silicon alloys are better options because they are lighter, durable, thinner and more efficient. Low budget people can buy used solar panels that cost much less than the new ones. But make sure they are of good quality and last long. Solar panels can be sold in several stores. Many companies offer solar systems that can be tailored to your needs.
As you can see, besides the main “consumers” that we have already dealt with in the previous text, there is heat drains that you probably did not even know. Through them, only a small part of the heat is lost, but it is very important to us that these are the places where we can make the greatest savings ourselves. How much time do you need to shake well with all the installation pipes and electrical outlets? Perhaps not one afternoon, and they give 15% of the total losses in the sum total! If you attach windows, doors and individual ventilation openings (which also does not require any major investment), you will see that you can eliminate over 60% of all possible heat sinks in your apartment or home. If you have time and few resources, we strongly recommend that you embark on the ceiling of the basement and the floor of your attic with synthetic mass or polymer insulating plates.
Basic types of insulating materials
Before you get to work, get acquainted with the basic types of insulation materials:
Type of Setting Where Applicable Basic Benefits and Disadvantages:
- Non-woven materials (in bales or rolls)
- Glass wool
- Rockwool (“Rockwell”)
They fix themselves with a “barbecue” from the lining or between the layers of the wall. In the finishing of the walls, floors, and ceilings, as well as the roof constructions, Laki for the “do-it-yourself” installation: almost every novice knows how to compose a “barbecue” from slats, especially in smaller areas traffic.
Dishwasher: For safe installation, HTZ equipment is required: gloves and mask/face goggles
- Foam materials
- Foam wool
- Polyurethane foam
Sprays or bubble into recesses using a special tool. Open or inaccessible cavities in the walls, as well as small cavities around installation tubes, windows etc. … It is most often used to repair existing insulation (application into inaccurate cavities or holes of irregular shapes)
- Extruded polystyrene foam (XPS)
- Expanded polystyrene foam (EPS)
- Polyurethane foam
- Poly-iso-cyan-uratic foam
Inner walls: Because of its flammability and for aesthetic reasons, it is always covered with a layer of clay or plasterboard plates with a thickness of 1cm or more.
Exterior walls: thick panels are used, mandatory finishing with a layer resistant to atmospheric influences (various types of mortars with additives and facade coatings). Basement walls;
Nonventilated roofing structures of low inclination The largest insulation power in relation to the thickness of the layer and the price of all the above materials. All types of panels are available with a large number of warehouses and are relatively inexpensive, and simple to do “do-it-yourself” installation.
- Plastified paper
- Polyethylene foil with air bubbles
- PVC foil
- Plastic cardboard
Usually in combination with plates and glass wool, especially on surfaces with a lot of moisture (roof structure). Roof constructions, ceilings, floors, exterior walls … Cheap and easy to install. Disadvantages: The efficiency depends on the direction of the heat flow. The possibility of unwanted condensation of moisture.
They are not strictly intended for thermal insulation but are often used in combination with other means, especially for work in older homes.
When you’re done with these “little things”, it’s time to face the last challenge: doors and windows. Do not drop this step, because it can turn out that just carpentry is the biggest “swallow” of heat in your home.
- The project would be completed on time
Construction managers use advanced project managements and scheduling software that provide continuous updates to the project owner. They also keep track daily on the changes that have been made to the project. He keeps track of the project progress and the current stage it is in so as to prevent it from falling behind schedule and he can allocate the necessary resources accordingly.
- Budgets can be easily met and costs can be kept at a minimum
During the bidding stages of a construction project, construction managers are quite very proficient at creating a very competitive bidding process. They also make sure that no one runs over their contract by being hands on through the project period.
- To prevent and manage risks
Construction managers are quite well experienced when it comes to risks that are involved in projects. With that experience, they can properly and efficiently plan for risks whenever and if ever they occur. They typically have a risk management system tactics in play at all times to control the possible risk ahead of time.